Non-pharmaceutical interventions in dementia

These interventions, combined with drug therapy, help the patient stay functional and maintain a satisfactory quality of life for a longer period of time.
In order for any non-pharmaceutical intervention to be effective, it must be designed to meet the needs of people who suffer – a person-centered approach – and be flexible enough to vary in course of implementation, if necessary, adhered to caregivers and finally apply until the disorder has been visibly controlled. Non-drug interventions are done at Day Care Centers, but recently they can also be done in the homes of patients with specific computer-based exercises.
Concerning the decline in cognitive functions, the main non-pharmaceutical interventions, the effectiveness of which has been the subject of scientific research, are:

  • Mental empowerement
  • Occupational therapy
  • Speech therapy
  • Art Treatments
  • Gymnastics
  • Leisure activities.
The goals of non-pharmaceutical dementia interventions

Their goal is to enhance the action of the drugs by improving the therapeutic effect. These interventions can have a positive effect on the following mental functions of people with dementia.

  • In the perception
  • At attention
  • At the concentration
  • In the memory
  • In the language
  • In staff functions
  • In orientation

They can also have a positive impact on one’s functionality, quality of life, and mood. Non-pharmaceutical interventions in dementia have no side effects unlike medicines. But in no case do they come to replace the existing treatment.
Medications are very helpful but you should keep in mind that you should never force a person with dementia to participate in something they do not want. Pressing it can have opposite effects.

Mental empowerment program

Just like physiotherapy, it exercises and strengthens the body, so Mental Strength exercises and strengthens the mind. What is the Mental Empowerment Program? It is the most effective non-pharmaceutical intervention. Applies in combination with medication, if any. Aims to stabilize or even improve the client’s cognitive status or to contribute to the prevention of dementia by utilizing his or her existing cognitive functions, such as Memory, Reason, Attention, Concentration and the Crisis.

It is intended for healthy individuals to enhance cognitive functions of the brain as well as for people with cognitive impairments.
The Cognitive Empowerment program includes:

  • Customized assessment of the client’s mental capacity and needs.
  • Exercises for memory, speech attention and critical thinking.
  • Orientation in space, time and timeliness.
  • Learning or re-learning skills.
  • Art treatments.
  • Memory treatment.
  • Board and other games.
  • Education and involvement of family members.
Benefits of Mental Empowerment

It greatly improves the quality of life, while helping to prevent Alzheimer's disease that threatens most people as they age

It achieves the mobilization of the patient, enhances and maintains its autonomy and daily functionality

It greatly contributes to the fight against apathy, withdrawal and depressive symptoms that occur in a large number of patients

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